Glossary

2 Pass Blackout - A double coating applied to curtain lining that blocks out light.


3 Pass Blackout - The various terms (plain, twill, and sateen) describe the pattern of the interlacing of warp and weft in woven fabrics.


96 Pick - The number of threads per inch used on our Chromax and Chromasol curtain linings.


116 Pick - The number of threads per inch used on our higher density Platinum collection.


Buckram - A stiff coated fabric used for curtain headings and tiebacks.


Bump - A thick heavy interlining produced to help with insulation and add extra body to curtains.


Calendered Finish - A process where the fabric is passed through heated rollers to add a sheen to the surface of the fabric and give the fabric a crisper handle.


Chromax - Edmund Bell’s exclusive brand for 100% Cotton curtain lining which is manufactured to the highest standards to give protection against the harmful effects of sunlight and is available in a number of colours and finishes.


Creased & Lapped - A traditional method where the fabric is folded in half and wrapped around a board to make it easier to handle and reduce the amount of storage space required.


CRF - Crease Resistant Finish that is applied to a number of our cotton sateen linings to improve handling.


Cut Length - Fabric cut to a specific length.


Dimout - A fabric that is woven in multiple layers to help to block out light giving an almost blackout effect.


Domette - A lighter Cotton interlining produced used to improve the draping qualities and appearance of curtains and roman blinds while improving insulation.


Durable FR - A flame retardant finish that can either dry cleaned or washed dependant on cleaning instructions.


Duoline - An interlining bonded to a cotton or polyester cotton curtain lining.


Fusible - A stiffened fabric that can be ironed onto face fabrics generally used for tie backs.


FWOT - Fabric rolled full width on tubes.


Heat set - A heating process that is used to reduce the amount of shrinkage of a fabric or lining. and draping qualities.


HWOT - Fabric folded in half and then rolled on to tubes to reduce storage space.


Inherent FR - A fabric that is woven from flame retardant yarns.


Intermax - Edmund Bell’s brand name for interlinings.


Leaded - fabric with lead chain weight added to one side.


Light Fastness - The ability of the fabric to hold its original colour when exposed to sunlight. This is measured using a standard method which is compared to the British Standard Grey Scale which helps to measure the variation in colour after exposure against the original colour.


Microfibre - A textured yarn used to add extra body to the fabric without adding weigh, generally used in lighter weight fabrics.


Non-durable FR - A flame retardant finish that cannot be cleaned unless it is retreated afterwards.


Piece - A full roll of fabric.


Platinum - Edmund Bell’s brand name for the higher density 100% cotton curtain linings which is manufactured with additional threads to give extra density and protection against the harmful effects of sunlight.


Pre-Shrunk - A process that is used to reduced the amount of shrinkage of interlinings when manufacturing curtains.


Raised - A combing process used to loosen the fibres on a fabric to give it a furry appearance which helps to improve the thickness and insulation properties.


Sarille - A synthetic interlining produced used to improve the draping qualities and appearance of curtains and roman blinds while improving insulation.


Sateen - An appearance that is produced by showing more of the fine weft threads on the surface of the fabric and creates a higher sheen and denser appearance to the fabric, normally associated with cotton curtain lining fabrics.


Satin - A weaving method that that shows more of the finer warp threads on the surface of the fabric and creates a higher sheen and denser appearance to the fabric, normally associated with polyester cotton curtain lining fabrics or face fabrics.


Schreiner Finish - A process where the fabric is passed through a fine engraved roller system in order to align all of the weft threads thereby adding a lustrous appearance to the fabric and helping to improve the opacity to give added protection against the effects of sunlight.


Selvedge - The edge of the fabric.


Solprufe 63 - A well known industry brand name that is synonymous with curtain linings giving excellent light fastness and dimensional stability.


Teflon - A branded protective coating which helps to protect the fabric against moisture and soiling.


Thermal - A fabric with a single back coating fabric that is used to help insulate the room.


Twill weave - A weaving method that is produced by showing the warp threads on the surface of the fabric to create a soft sheen and denser appearance to the fabric and giving better protection against sunlight.


Warp - The threads running down the fabric parallel to the selvedge of the fabric.


Weft - The threads running across the width of the fabric.